Bamberg German: A town in Upper Franconia, Germany, on the river Regnitz at the confluence with the river Main. The town dates back to the 9th century, with its name derived from the nearby Babenberch castle. Heralded as one of Germany’s most beautiful towns, specifically its historic old town which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1993. Bamberg is home to Europe’s largest intact old city wall and Bamberg Cathedral founded in 1002 by the emperor Henry II, and consecrated on May 6, 1012. Historically the town experienced a period of great prosperity beginning early in the 12th century, during which time it was briefly the centre of the Holy Roman Empire.